eating meat

For as long as any of us can remember, it’s been thought that the only way to build lean muscle and lose fat was to have athletes eat 5-7 small meals per day. But the truth is that there are many ways to eat in regards to meal frequency and science continues to hammer the point home.

Older research suggested that consuming frequent meals would speed up the metabolism, control insulin and cortisol, and manage appetite. Now, a recent study published in the Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition found, among other things, that while increasing meal frequency does blunt appetite and decrease hunger, it does not appear to favorably alter body composition, improve energy expenditure or raise resting metabolic rate. Let the head scratching begin.

What can we gather from the research? Mainly that as long as we eat the right foods in the right amounts, meal frequency is a matter of personal preference.

What Works Best for You? 

It all comes down to what best fits your schedule and how your body responds best. If you like eating six times a day and that works, keep doing it. If you like to only eat a couple big meals, then do it.

If you stand with the old guard and are taking down six meals per day and that is not working for you, then switch it up. It’s that simple. There is no set way for anyone and, as with different types of workouts, will ultimately be a matter of experimentation.

More important than the meal quantity or frequency are the less debated tenets of muscle-building and fat-burning. Hold on to these basics if you want to continue seeing results:

5 Tenets of Muscle Building & Fat Burning

1. Reduce nutritional deficiencies by eating a complete, balanced diet

2. Control macronutrient breakdowns and food portions to suit your goals

3. Consume at least 1 gram of protein per pound of bodyweight to support muscle repair

4. Use proper supplementation to support training and general health (creatine, whey protein, fish oil, multi-vitamins, BCAAs are fairly universal)

5. Pay attention to pre- and post-workout nutrition, which will govern performance and recovery

At the end of the day, if you consume the right amount of protein, carbohydrates, fats, calories, vitamins, minerals and phytonutrients, meal frequency is obsolete. Try this sample “three squares a day” approach – making small adjustments to match your goals – to see if less frequent feedings can help you. If you’re gaining strength, getting lean and not walking around hungry all day, chances are you’re on the right track.

>>See sample meal plans on next page

6 Tips For Eating Clean While Dining Out

Workout Days for someone who works out in the late afternoon/evening 

Breakfast: 4-8 whole eggs with 3-6 added egg whites,  1-tablespoon extra-virgin coconut oil, 1 cup of peppers, mushrooms, and onions mixed in eggs.

Lunch: 6-12 oz. grilled chicken breast, 1-2 tablespoons of extra-virgin olive oil and balsamic vinegar, large serving of greens and any other veggie, 1 apple, 1-2 ounces of almonds

Pre-workout: 10 grams of BCAA and 20 grams of whey protein

Post-workout: 30-60 grams of whey protein with 30-60 grams of carbohydrates

Dinner: 6-12 oz. of grilled wild salmon, 1-2 tablespoons of extra-virgin coconut oil or olive oil drizzled on 2 cups baked broccoli and cauliflower, 1 large sweet potato

 

Workout Days for someone who works out in the morning 

Breakfast: 1-2 cups organic Greek yogurt, 1-2 tablespoons almond butter, 1 cup of blueberries or strawberries

Post-workout: 30-60 grams of whey protein with 30-60 grams of carbohydrates

Lunch: 6-12 ounces of grass-fed beef, 8-20 asparagus spears, 3-8 ounces of sweet potatoes

Dinner: 6-12 ounces of turkey, 1-2 cups quinoa, 1-2 ounces of slivered almonds, 1-2 cups of veggies mixed in quinoa such as red peppers and green onions, ¼-1 avocado 

 

Non-Workout Days  

Breakfast: 30-60 grams of whey protein powder, ½-1 cup gluten free rolled oats, 1-2 ounces of walnuts, 1 banana

Lunch: 6-12 ounces of grass fed burger, ¼-1 avocado, tomato, and onion, pickles all wrapped up in a lettuce wrap

Mid-afternoon (optional): 2 tablespoons of almond butter OR shake (2 Tbsp almond/peanut butter, whey protein, ice)

Dinner: 6-12 ounces of mahi-mahi, extra-virgin olive oil on large green salad, 1 cup peas