If you’re a fan of mixed martial arts, then chances are you’ve heard—or more likely, have seen—that the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC) is now on ESPN, with fights and pay-per-views available on ESPN2 and ESPN+ (ESPN’s streaming service). What you may have missed, though, is that ESPN picked up another MMA federation in 2019—the lesser-known Professional Fighters League.

Formerly known as the World Series of Fighting, the PFL premiered its rebranded image to the world last year at the Hulu Theater at Madison Square Garden. Compared to the typical PPV model, the PFL is changing the way athletes compete and fans watch.

The PFL season premiered on ESPN on May 9 and is airing its second event this Thursday, May 23, so we’ve put together this guide on everything you need to know about the UFC’s newest competition.

How The PFL Works

You’ll notice that we wrote “season” above. That wasn’t a mistake. Unlike other MMA leagues, which air events on PPV and streaming services year-round, the PFL adheres to a structured season, which is meant to give fans a similar feel to more mainstream sports.

The PFL’s regular season runs from May to August and is comprised of six events, where each fighter on the roster fights twice to accumulate points. The eight point leaders in each of the six weight classes—men’s featherweight, lightweight, welterweight, light heavyweight, heavyweight, and women’s lightweight—are seeded to compete in the PFL’s three playoff events in October. These three fights all lead up to the championship finale in New York, where the winner of each weight class takes home a million dollars.

1109 PFL Kayla Harrison (1)
Professional Fighters League

Professional Fighters League

How Points Are Awarded

In other MMA leagues, a win is simply a win. But in the PFL, a fighter is awarded a different number of points depending on the way they finish a fight. A decision win is worth three points, but additional points are given for stoppages. A first-round stoppage—either by knockout, technical knockout, or submission—is worth three more points, a second-round stoppage is worth two, and a third-round stoppage is worth one point. A loss is worth zero, and a draw gets a fighter one point. The most a fighter can earn in the regular season is 12 points.

In the UFC, athletes are awarded performance bonuses of $50,000 for putting on exciting fights. Along the same lines, the PFL believes that their point structure makes for more entertaining performances throughout the entire season. Even if you win but aren’t knocking opponents out, you could lose your shot at that cool million.

“With this format, fighters control their own destiny. Every round counts and every fight matters,” Peter Murray, CEO of the Professional Fighters League, says. “Sixty-five percent of PFL fights in our first year ended in a knockout or submission…the format ignites fighters.” Need proof? Check out the video below. 

Notable Names

The insurmountable star power of athletes like Conor McGregor and Jon Jones is a big part of what makes the UFC such a force in the world of MMA. As a nascent organization, the PFL can’t match the MMA juggernaut—yet—but still managed to cull notable talent from 15 countries and added a women’s lightweight division in 2019.

“This season we have added the first-ever Women’s Lightweight Division, anchored by two-time Olympic Judo Gold Medalist Kayla Harrison,” Murray says. “And Ray Cooper III is a star. In 2018 he won his first four fights by knockout before losing in the championship to Magomed Magomedkerimov, one of three fighters who went undefeated last season. Also, Lance Palmer, a four-time All-American wrestler at Ohio State and PFL Featherweight champion returns looking to repeat.” As far as new talent goes, Jordan Johnson joins the light heavyweight ranks from the UFC with a perfect 10-0 record.

1109 PFL Lance Palmer 3
Professional Fighters League

Professional Fighters League

Playoff Structure

After the regular season, the point leaders are seeded, with No.1 fighting No. 8, No. 2 fighting No. 7, No. 3 facing No. 6, and No. 5 fighting No. 4. Playoff fights are single elimination, following the PFL’s unique fight-twice, win-twice format. In other words: a fighter who wins the quarterfinals fight goes on to fight in the semis that very same night. It’s an interesting structure, especially when you consider that one athlete may endure a 25-minute war while his opponent could have had a blink-and-you’ll-miss knockout within 30 seconds.

The winners of those fights will face off in the Hulu Theater at Madison Square Garden for the million-dollar prize. Everyone else gets a little something, too—quarterfinal losers take home $25,000, semifinal losers get $75,000, and fighters who lose in the finals earn $150,000.

Tune into ESPN2 and ESPN+ on May 23, June 6, July 11, July 25, and August 8 to see the rest of the PFL’s regular season. For more information, visit www.pflmma.com.