Some of your favorite healthy bites may also be causing belly bloat — especially if you’re among the 15-20 percent who have difficulty digesting carbs known as Fermetable Oligo-Di-Monosaccharides and Polyols (or FODMAP). “They’re poorly absorbed, rapidly fermented in the gut, and increase water delivery into the bowel,” explains Kristi L. King, a senior pediatric dietitian at Texas Children’s Hospital in Houston. To see if you’re sensative, try a six- to eight-week elmination diet of FODMAP foods. “Most people see an improvement in symptoms within one to two weeks,” adds King.
The FODMAP-Free Diet
- High-lactose dairy (milk, ice cream, soft cheese)
- Wheat, barley, rye
- Soy products
- Certain nuts, beans, and legumes (cashews, beans, lentils, pistachios)
- Certain fruits (apples, blackberries, pears, watermelon, stone fruits)
- Certain vegetables (artichokes, broccoli, brussels sprouts, cauliflower, mushrooms)
- High-fructose corn syrup
- Sugar alcohols like sorbitol and xylitol
- Lactose-free milk, hard cheese, Greek yogurt, plain kefir.
- Gluten-free grains (rice, quinoa, corn plus gluten-free pasta, bread, oatmeal, etc.)
- Meat and meat alternatives (eggs; natural nut butters, including almond and peanut butter; beef; chicken; fish; pork)
- Certain fruits (citrus, cantaloupe, bananas, blueberries, strawberries)
- Certain vegetables (zucchini, squash, eggplant, carrots, green beans)