Workout Tips

4 Tough Truths About Your Fitness Goals

It's time to get real about workout expectations, and the only way to maximize gains.

Man Resting In The Gym
Peathegee Inc / Getty

We get it: when you’re a beginning lifter, you want muscles, and you want them right away. We were there too once. And while the routines you see on this site and in the pages of Muscle & Fitness will put you on the fast track to a ripped, powerful body, all the willpower and work ethic in the universe won’t completely overcome your genetics and the physiology the human body was designed with—so it’s important to maintain realistic expectations of your progress.

Here are four hard truths about what it takes to build hard biceps and abs, and tips to make the best gains possible.

No. 4: Strength Comes Before Size

How to Burn Fat

When you first start training, or you try a new program that’s much different than what you were doing before, you may not see growth in the mirror for the first few weeks. “But you’ll get dramatically stronger,” says Bryan Krahn, a trainer and online fitness coach in Calgary, Alberta, Canada (

That’s because your central nervous system adapts to training before your muscles do, recruiting more muscle fibers to complete the work you’re now asking of it. When it realizes it can’t lift the weights you’re imposing on it with the muscle it has now, the body will call for the muscles to get bigger. “You should see noticeable gains within a month,” says Krahn, “depending on how much body fat you carry.”

Strength Tip: Drop your reps on main lifts like the squat, bench press, deadlift, and overhead press to sets of five, rather than the conventional eight to 12. Using heavier weights recruits more muscle fibers and trains the nervous system so you gain size and strength.

No. 3: Pure Muscle Comes Slowly


You may put on 10 pounds in a month, but that doesn’t mean it’s all solid muscle. Yes, the scale may be going up, but much of that weight is water, glycogen (the carbohydrate stored in your muscles for energy), and, despite your best efforts, fat. This is still great progress, but if you don’t look as dry and hard as you’d like, that’s why.

Age is also a factor in making gains. A beginner in his teens up through his 30s can expect to add two to four pounds of pure muscle for the first two to three months he’s training—“it’s called ‘newbie gains,’” says Krahn. At that point, the body slows the rate to maintain homeostasis (as carrying more muscle requires more of its energy), and additional gains take longer. At that point, expect to add less than a pound per month, and eventually, learn to be satisfied with only about two pounds per year.

That may not sound impressive, but Krahn says to head to your local butcher for a visual. “Look at a pound of steak and imagine two of those added to your body. If I could gain two pounds of raw beef a year, I’d be ecstatic. That would be 20 pounds in a decade, and that would make your physique look completely different.”

Muscle Tip: Eat one gram of protein per pound of your body weight, 0.4 grams of fat per pound, and two grams of carbs per pound, as prescribed in the Muscle & Fitness Food Pyramid. Designed with the help of several top nutrition coaches, it’s the best plan out there for eating your way to more lean muscle as quickly as possible.