If there’s one man who understands the aesthetics of bodybuilding better than anyone else, it’s Frank Zane. The three-time Mr. Olympia is still considered the gold standard of aesthetic appeal with his trademark small waist and dramatic V-taper of well-developed lats, shoulders, pecs, and a deeply carved serratus.

We asked “The Chemist” to distill his top tips for the classic V-taper down to the following list, and he obliged. Read on and get training like a legend!